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Citing the PDF in the Cloud

By using the PDFitc, you are agreeing to the PDF in the Cloud Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

If you use the PDFitc as a resource in your research, please cite the following work:

L. Yang, E. A. Culbertson, H. T. Vuong, N. K. Thomas, E. T. S. Kjear, K. M. Ø. Jensen, M. G. Tucker, and S. J. L. Billinge. A cloud platform for atomic pair distribution function analysis: PDFitc. Acta Crystallogr. A. (2021). 77(1), 2-6. doi:10.1107/S2053273320013066

Additionally, please cite the paper describing the specific application or tool that you use from the citation information in the app or from the following list:

Development of the following Apps was supported by the US National Science Foundation through grant DMREF-1534910.


L. Yang, P. Juhás, M. W. Terban, M. G. Tucker, and S. J. L. Billinge. Structure-mining: screening structure models by automated fitting to the atomic pair distribution function over large numbers of models. Acta Crystallogr. A. (2020). 76(3), 395-409. doi:10.1107/S2053273320002028


C.-H. Liu, Y. Tao, D. Hsu, Q. Du, and S. J. L. Billinge. Using a machine learning approach to determine the space group of a structure from the atomic pair distribution function. Acta Crystallogr. A. (2019). 75(4), 633-643. doi:10.1107/S2053273319005606

Development of the following Apps was supported by GENESIS: A Next Generation Synthesis Center; an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, under award No. DESC0019212.


Z. A. Thatcher, C.-H. Liu, L. Yang, B. C. McBride, G. Thinh Tran, A. Wustrow, M. A. Karlsen, J. R. Neilson, D. B. Ravnsbæk, and S. J. L. Billinge. nmfMapping: a cloud-based web application for non-negative matrix factorization of powder diffraction and pair distribution function datasets. Acta Crystallogr. A. (2022). 78(3), 242-248. doi:10.1107/S2053273322002522

C.-H. Liu, C. J. Wright, R. Gu, S. Bandi, A. Wustrow, P. K. Todd, D. O'Nolan, M. L. Beauvais, J. R. Neilson, P. J. Chupas, K. W. Chapman and S. J. L. Billinge. Validation of non-negative matrix factorization for rapid assessment of large sets of atomic pair distribution function data. J. Appl. Cryst. (2021). 54(3), 768-775. doi:10.1107/S160057672100265X